What are the symptoms of stage 3 multiple myeloma? Multiple myeloma is a rare type of cancer that develops in plasma cells. Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell in the body. In a healthy body, plasma cells are responsible for recognizing and fighting off invading germs and infections. Multiple myelomas rarely have any symptoms until stage 3 Multiple Myeloma. Symptoms of this late-stage Multiple Myeloma cancer include:
- frequent infections
- weight loss
- muscle weakness
- increased thirst
- decreased appetite
Treatments for multiple myeloma
Early stages of Multiple Myeloma may not need immediate Multiple Myeloma treatment. Treatment for stage 3 multiple myeloma aims to reduce the discomfort caused by cancer. Treatment can also help stabilize cancer and slow the progress of its growth.
Treatments for multiple myeloma include:
Also known as biological therapies, these medicines are designed to help turn your body’s immune system into a cancer-fighting tool. They include lenalidomide (Revlimid), thalidomide (Thalomid), and pomalidomide (Pomalyst).
These medicines are a part of a Multiple Myeloma treatment called targeted therapy. They hone in on specific abnormalities in the multiple myeloma cancer cells that allow cancer to survive and prevent them from growing and thriving. This causes the myeloma cells to eventually die. Examples of this medication include carfilzomib (Kyprolis) and bortezomib (Velcade).
A standard Multiple Myeloma treatment, chemotherapy seeks out and destroys the cancer cells in your body. Chemotherapeutic agents that specifically treat multiple myeloma include doxorubicin hydrochloride (Doxil, Adriamycin) and alkylating agents.
These medications are often used to boost and regulate the immune system and control inflammation. However, they also show promise as a multiple myeloma treatment. Corticosteroids include prednisone (Deltasone) and dexamethasone (Decadron).
Stem cell transplants
A stem cell transplant is designed to replace your cancer-laden bone marrow with healthy, cancer-free marrow. However, you may have to undergo high-dose chemotherapy prior to the transplant.
Combination treatment regimens
You may take a combination of several myeloma treatments, such as an immunomodulatory drug, a protease inhibitor, and a corticosteroid. This treatment approach shows promise and may have greater success than one type of Multiple Myeloma treatment alone
Advances in treatment
A cure for multiple myeloma currently doesn’t exist. However, significant research is making progressive leaps toward a Multiple Myeloma treatment that eliminates cancer entirely. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved several new types of treatments in recent years. Today’s treatments are getting closer to a cure.