It affects people at the muscular, mental and social skeleton level.
Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by generalized pain in musculoskeletal regions, with abnormalities in the central nervous system and associated symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia and cognitive disorders. That is why we say that it is more than pain: it affects people physically, mentally and socially.
In 1900 this disease was already described as fibrositis, and in 1990 the American College of Rheumatology established the name of fibromyalgia for the first time and created the diagnostic criteria. In that sense, it is important to note that it is a disease recognized by the World Health Organization only since 1992. It is a condition with a high genetic load. Its prevalence is two to five percent of the world population approximately, and affects more women than men, in a ratio of 8 to 1.
The highest incidence is between 20 and 60 years of age, although it also appears in children and adolescents less frequently.
The cardinal symptom of this pathology is pain. It is characteristic of fibromyalgia that pain begins in a region of the body and then migrates to different parts until, after time, the pain becomes generalized. Obviously, the pain intensity can be mild, moderate or severe, it hurts both at rest and during movement and is more intense on palpation as well as after a long time at rest.
In turn, it is known that pain has a fluctuating behavior, that is, some days may hurt less and others may hurt more. This has to do with two specific situations that can increase it: the climatic changes and the moments of stress.
Its prevalence is two to five percent of the world population. It appears more in women than in men
This is why it is very important to perform cognitive behavioral therapy as part of the treatment, not only to achieve acceptance of this new condition but also to train in the management and regulation of anxiety.
As it was said, associated with pain there are other symptoms necessary for diagnosis such as fatigue, the feeling of heaviness in muscles that makes it difficult to mobilize, the appearance of non-repairing sleep, cognitive alterations such as memory and concentration flaws and morning stiffness or to rest. Other symptoms or syndromes that may be associated are tension headache or migraine and gastrointestinal symptoms such as irritable bowel syndrome.
reference:Fibromyalgia, much more than a few pains.