In an article published in the Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, researchers from the Center for Research in Optics and Photonics (CEPOF), Center for Research, Innovation and Dissemination (CEPID), which has the support of the Foundation for Support of Scientific Research of the State of São Paulo (FAPESP), describe the concomitant application of laser and ultrasound for three minutes on the palms of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia, in a treatment with a total of 10 sessions twice a week.
* Photograph of FAPESP.
“There are two innovations in the same study: that of the apparatus and that of the treatment protocol,” explains Antônio Eduardo de Aquino Junior, a researcher at the Institute of Physics of São Carlos (IFSC) of the University of São Paulo (USP), in Brazil. , and one of the authors of the article, which adds: “By effecting the joint ultrasound and laser emission, we were able to normalize the patient’s pain threshold”. “Meanwhile, the treatment on the palms of the hands is opposed to the type of care that is currently performed, highly focused on pain points,” he adds.
Within the framework of this study, led by Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, professor and director of the IFSC-USP, 48 women aged between 40 and 65 years diagnosed with fibromyalgia were divided into six groups of eight. Three groups were given laser emissions, ultrasound or the combination of ultrasound and laser in the area of the trapezius muscle. In the other three groups the treatment was focused on the palms of the hands.
The results showed that the treatment performed on the hands was more efficient for the three types of techniques, and the treatment with the combination of laser and ultrasound generated a significant improvement in the patients. The evaluation of the results of each type of application was based on protocols such as the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).
In the comparison between ultrasound, laser and ultrasound applied to the trapezius muscle, a percentage difference of 57.72% was registered in the improvement of functionality and 63.31% in the reduction of pain in favor of the ultrallaser group. Meanwhile, in the comparison between the treatment in the trapezius muscle and in the palms of the hands with ultraskin, there was a percentage of difference of 75.37% in the reduction of pain in favor of the treatment focused on the palms of the hands.