Fibromyalgia in recent years has attracted the interest of research because more and more cases are beginning to be associated with this syndrome, cases often confused and identified as “back pain”, arthritis or other diseases that cause deformations of the attached structures.
Fibromyalgia in synthesis
This syndrome is defined as a pathology having the main target muscles and their insertions with the bones in the region of the back.
This disorder is defined by the Italian Association of Fibromyalgia Syndrome (AISF), as a form of extra-articular rheumatism or soft tissue.
There is also an increase in muscle tension especially during movement, as well as chronic pain in the tendons and ligaments. Generalized discomfort often associated with stiffness, asthenia and fatigue. This condition can degrade on sleep because you feel too much stimuli and discomfort during the night also causes a drop in serotonin levels.
This whole series of symptoms causes discomfort that can also affect mental stability and lead to comprehensible anxiogenic consequences rather than depressive phenomena in affected patients.
In summary, the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are:
musculotensive or migraine
Fatigue and weakness
Stiffness in movements, especially in the morning
Irregular alve (constipation or diarrhea)
Tingles and sensations similar to bites
Disturbance of diuresis (possible burn)
Swelling at the extremities of the upper limbs
Trouble in the thoracic region
Brain disorders (memory loss, impaired concentration, anxiety, depression)
The most serious problem in these cases is the fact that it is not possible to diagnose this condition at 100%, so it is necessary to investigate at the clinical level to determine the possible presence of this syndrome that could be due to work done by the subject. genetic familiarity, allergic reactions or damage to the immune system.
Possible strategies to combat this syndrome are under study.
As there is no specific cure, the drugs used are limited only to counter the presence of symptoms, often ineffective. At present, the best strategy is represented by a healthy lifestyle that includes an adequate and balanced diet of individual nutrients as well as the practice of the activity. In particular, it is precisely on the sport that our attention is focused.
It is because it is a syndrome that affects and weakens the muscles, it is important to intervene with the movement to reverse this situation.
In patients with fibromyalgia, exercise is indicated for symptomatic treatment, but little is known about the actual inflammatory response to exercise and the changes that develop in these patients.
Although the physiological influence of exercise is not yet clear, many studies show the effectiveness of movement, especially in reducing the perception of pain and muscle gain, factors that contribute to the reduction of symptoms . In particular, soft sports disciplines such as Pilates and Biodanza have shown benefits in this direction. Physical exercise can also have a positive psychological impact by promoting anxiety reduction and improving the mood of patients with fibromyalgia.
Therefore, from the many studies, it is clear that physical activity and movement are fundamental to the treatment of fibromyalgia. It is important to set up an individualized training pathway aimed at the gradual improvement of the muscles, otherwise improper exercises could even lead to a worsening of the symptoms. For this reason, it is recommended to maintain an active life without limiting normal daily activities, to avoid prolonged periods of inactivity and to practice moderate sports activities depending on the training of the individual. It is also essential to contact a professional who can advise you on the right way to go.
reference:Does Physical Activity Help Fibromyalgia?