Key points to detect fibromyalgia


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Fibromyalgia is an extremely difficult disease to identify, since it presents symptoms similar to those of other conditions and without a test that can be easily detected, even doctors often have difficulty making an accurate diagnosis.

The treatment of fibromyalgia has advanced a lot in recent years and the prognosis for patients is better. The challenge is really to diagnose the disease, so it is important to be informed and understand the main symptoms to consult a doctor if you or someone you know is suffering.

What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by multiple symptoms that usually appear together, including generalized pain in the body and also localized in some specific points, decreased resistance to pain, fatigue, anxiety and depression.

The symptoms appear to be related to changes in how the brain and spinal cord process pain signals. The majority of patients are women between 25 and 60 years old. Women are 10 times more likely to develop the disease than men.

Fibromyalgia can not be detected through blood tests or X-rays, so the diagnosis is based solely on the medical examination and the patient’s report.

Many people with fibromyalgia end up being misdiagnosed with other diseases such as chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis and even depression. For this reason, it is essential to redouble attention in the specific symptoms associated with it.

Main symptoms
There are several unrelated and very different symptoms that are characteristic of fibromyalgia patients:

Generalized pain for a period greater than 3 months
Muscle bumps and cramps
Anxiety and depression
Digestive problems
Mouth, nose and dry eyes
Chronic headaches
Weakness and fatigue
Difficulty in concentration
Sleeping or tingling in the fingers and toes
Hypersensitivity to cold or heat
Sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea
Urinary incontinence
Irritable bowel syndrome
Pain spotlights
“Generalized pain” is a broad concept, pain therefore defined 18 points (nine pairs) throughout the body that are associated with fibromyalgia. People who suffer from the disease often feel pain when they are pressed, and this is one of the tests performed by doctors in an attempt to detect the disease.

It is estimated that patients with fibromyalgia feel pain in at least 11 of the 18 points, therefore, be careful if you notice extreme sensitivity or pain in many of these places:

Neck makes: more specifically at the base, at the junction of the back with the neck
Head Neck: in the region just above the clavicle on either side (or both) of the larynx
Elbows: the pain is usually felt in the forearm, just below the elbow crease, and usually goes to the outside of the arm
Hip: the exact location is usually when the muscles of the curve of the buttocks and knows the thighs
Lower back: back pain tend to be common to many, but people with fibromyalgia often feel them in the lower back, in conjunction with the buttocks.
Upper back: more precisely, where the muscles of the back are the shoulder blades
Knees: cushions the knees may have pain or become more sensitive to touch
Shoulders: Pain usually appears midway between the tip of the shoulder and the base of the neck
On the chest: the sensitivities often on both sides of the sternum, a few centimeters below the clavicle
Prognosis and treatment
If you or someone you know suffers from pain in these places and also presents the other symptoms that we mentioned, such as constant tiredness, sleep disorders and feelings of anxiety and depression, consult a doctor to rule out a case of fibromyalgia.

The treatment includes palliative medications, antidepressants and therapy, but changes in lifestyle can also contribute a lot to the improvement.

Reduce stress, exercise regularly, eat healthy and sleep well are extremely important habits to reduce symptoms. Bet on these simple actions that, combined with the correct medication, will surely contribute to a better quality of life, with more health and disposition.


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