Sometimes we have heard about this disease, but do we know what it is? Fibromyalgia is characterized by a chronic (long-term) pain that affects millions of people, most are women and although children and men can also be affected, they are in smaller amounts. This disease can be considered as a syndrome, which is a set of symptoms that occurs at the same time. People experience discomfort and pain throughout the body, fatigue (extreme tiredness that does not improve with sleep or rest), difficulty sleeping and problems with reasoning and memory.
This condition may be due to a problem in the brain with nerves and pain signals. It is said that there are changes in communication between the body and the brain, which means that in people with fibromyalgia, the brain misinterprets daily pain and other sensory experiences, which makes the person more sensitive to pressure , the temperature, the bright lights and the noise.
Researchers have discovered several genes that could affect a person’s risk of developing fibromyalgia. Stressful situations in life could also trigger it. This is not an aggressive disease and may get worse or better over time. Neither is it considered deadly nor will it damage the joints, muscles or internal organs. However, in people with certain disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus can develop this disease, which could affect the course of their disease and treatment.
The diagnosis of this disease is complicated because the main symptoms (pain and fatigue) can be indications of many other diseases. To establish the diagnosis, doctors take into account the number of areas of the body in which the patient felt pain in the last week and must also rule out other causes of illness.
What is the treatment? Researchers have concluded that medications can help improve some symptoms of the disease (although not all), exercise could be equal or more effective than medications, as well as tai chi therapies, yoga and cognitive behavioral therapy. . With the combination of medications and various therapies, better results have been obtained.